Lets start with most popular and widely used Linux distribution Ubuntu. First of all lets understand what is LAMP.
LAMP is an acronym for a solution stack of free, open source software, originally coined from the first letters of Linux (operating system), Apache HTTP Server, MySQL (database software) and Perl/PHP/Python, principal components to build a viable general purpose web server.
Now lets see how to install LAMP on Ubuntu Web Server. (Note: Here I am explaning procedure to install LAMP stack on web server for local PC installation and my favorite CentOS please wait for next article.)
So here we start.
Connect to the terminal with root privilege and run following commands.
apt-get update apt-get upgrade apt-get dist-upgrade aptitude install build-essential apt-get install ubuntu-standard apt-get install lamp-server apt-get install php5-cli apt-get install php5-curl (rest and/or go take a dump) apt-get install curl apt-get install wget apt-get install imagemagick apt-get install emacs apt-get install ufw (<a href="https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UFW">uncomplicated firewall</a>) apt-get install sendmail (if you need php mail() function)Change apache’s memory usage setting ..If you want imagemagick (latest), you need PECL to install (do not run apt-get install php5-imagick => outdated version)
apt-get install php-pear apt-get install imagemagick libmagickwand-dev pecl install imagick
Open your php.ini (/etc/php5/apache2/php.ini) and add this line:
a2enmod rewrite a2enmod mod_headers (if you have wordpress blogs and want to have caching) a2endmod mod_expires a2endmod auth_basic a2endmod auth_digest /etc/init.d/apache2 restart /etc/init.d/mysql restart chgrp -R www-data /path/to/your/www” (so PHP can read/write to ur directory) chmod -R 775 /path/to/your/www (so PHP can read/write to ur directory)Some things to change
- Change maxclients on apache2.conf to something small… like 10 or 15
- Change keepalive to off unless your site gets pounded (ex. high traffic site).. or time to live on keep alive connections to something small like 2
- PHP.ini upload limit – if you have high image site (like PawshPal.com), change it to smoething more suitable like 10m
apt-get install libapache2-mod-security
You need to manually download from here then run “dpkg -i libapache-mod-security_2.5.12-1_i386.deb”.
There is also more customized way to install all this stuff with manual installation method. I will explain the finest and good way to do that in next tutorial.